- How has the Talmud had an influence on the next 1,000 years of Jewish history and why?
The Talmud has been the core source of Jewish knowledge for two thousand years. When the Rabbis have a question of how to apply the Bible to modern times, they must base their conclusion on precedent that had its sources in the Talmud. Today Jewish Law had been codified in a book that is called the Shulchan Aruch.
- Ok, but the way I see the Talmud is a tradition book handed down. The Mezuzah, a mild detail. How many sabbath commandments in the talmud?
All the 613 commandments are discussed in the Talmud. The Talmudic method is to take the biblical text and apply it to real life.
Similarly, the Talmud looks at biblical law and applies it to real world application.