The Hebrew name Tzion (ציון), or “Zion” appears at least 157 times in the Bible. Let us find out the meaning of the word Zion.
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Our sages teach, “All the festivals are destined to be nullified [in the Messianic age], but the days of Purim will never cease to be observed.” (Midrash Mishlei 9:1)
David Hazony’s recent book The Ten Commandments reveals that while most people feel strongly about the commandments, few are actually able to enumerate them. Even for those who have pondered these foundational spiritual directives, the very first one is often perplexing. Indeed, some thinkers have questioned whether the introductory statement that “I am the Lord [Read More]
Jews And “Jewish Christianity” A Jewish Response to the Missionary Challenge by David Berger and Michael Wyschogrod Contents Preface to The First Printing A Note to the Reader 1. Introduction 2. Jesus and the Messiah 3. Jesus and God 4. “Proofs” of Christianity in the Hebrew Bible 5. The Forgiveness of Sin 6. On Jews, [Read More]
Let us begin with the fundamental belief that Jesus was – and is – the Messiah. Since the very word Christ means Messiah, this belief lies at the heart of the Christian faith. But how do we go about testing the claim that Jesus was the Messiah? The first thing to remember is that the [Read More]
“Jewish Christians” invariably emphasize the existence of proofs in the Hebrew Bible for everything they believe about Jesus. It is this claim that justifies the entire enterprise of “Jewish Christianity”, and although it is no longer as fashionable among other Christians as it once was, it really is central to the entire development of Christianity. [Read More]
The claim that Jesus was the Messiah is one of the beliefs separating Judaism from Christianity. We have explained the Jewish understanding of the Messiah, especially that Judaism never understood the Messiah to be anything more than a human being chosen by God to bring the era of peace and love foretold by the prophets of Israel.
What is the forgiveness of sin in Judaism? What about Jewish christianity? How does atonement work? Is there a set rule that needs to be followed?
In the chapter dealing with the divinity of Jesus, we explained that for a Jew to believe that Jesus was God constitutes idolatry, while the same trinitarian belief is not idolatry when held by a gentile. These points may have raised certain questions.
1. Berger, David. The Jewish-Christian Debate in the High Middle Ages: A Critical Edition of the Nizzahon Vetus with an Introduction, Translation and Commentary. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1978. The introduction and commentary present a history and analysis of almost all the major arguments from the beginnings of Christianity through the thirteenth century. 2. Bleich, [Read More]